500 YEARS FROM THE DISAPPEARANCE OF RAFFAELLO
On April 6, 1520 Raffaello Sanzio died, an undisputed exponent of Italian and world art and a genius of Renaissance painting. The great artist from Urbino is still celebrated throughout Italy with various exhibitions.
He was born in 1483, the son of Giovanni de' Santi, a painter. Thanks to his father's profession, he has the opportunity to access the halls of the Palazzo Ducale in Urbino, the artistic center of the Renaissance, where he admires and studies the best works of Italian art.
He was guided by the painter Pietro di Cristoforo Vannucci: "il Perugino". He moved to Città di Castello, where he began to produce his first works. Raphael worked in various cities such as Siena, Florence, in fact his Florentine period is known about him.
His fame grew exponentially, also thanks to memorable works such as the "Marriage of the Virgin" (1504), "Trinità e Santi" (1505) and the "Pala Baglioni" (1507).
In 1508 he was called directly by Pope Julius II, who wanted to renew the art of the capital, so he dedicated himself to the papal rooms: Segnatura, Eliodoro and the tapestries of the Sistine Chapel.
After becoming one of the most important figures in Italy, he opened his own workshop teaching the art to many promising young people: Lotti, Vincidor and Tamagni. Raphael was also a great architect, he took part in the design of St. Peter's Basilica and other important Roman buildings.
He died at the age of 37, however, leaving the memory of him over the centuries as one of the greatest artists in the world.